Sep 16, 2014 at 07:44 o\clock

Children and Adult Children of Alcoholics

For those who might be new towards the arena of the alcoholic family, these terms tend to be foreign. Spouses and children of alcoholics as well as other chemically dependent folks are most vulnerable to co-dependency. the Mascot joins your drama late; can be usually your youngest kid inside the family. Alcoholics tend being governed from the subsequent rules:

Families have rules, most unwritten, that will members abide. The idea is the sole role which is nearly all frequently established by simply birth order; the oldest little one is genuinely the Hero. The Actual roles are usually patterns of behavior and also develop from the individual's own personal pain, have got their own symptoms along with payoffs, as well as ultimately extract their very own price. The Actual adult kid regarding an alcoholic who was within the Hero role rarely seeks aid unless the complete family members can be engaged inside treatment.

The Enabler is the role which protects the particular alcoholic by simply deflecting virtually any blame or duty with the alcoholic's behavior. healthy families have, for the many part, wholesome rules; in the alcoholic family members the family members rules tend to become unhealthy. Your Scapegoat actually begins to withdraw from your family. the alcoholic's use regarding alcohol may become the primary concern of the loved ones about that everything else revolves.

Alcohol is not necessarily the cause of the family's problems.

Someone as well as something different caused the actual alcoholic's dependency, he as well as she just isn't responsible.

Status quo must be maintained from virtually any cost.

Everyone in the loved ones must be an "enabler." Although 1 member is the "chief enabler," another loved ones also must do his or her component to always be able to "protect" the alcoholic.

No 1 is actually allowed to talk about what's going in in the family, with one another or outsiders.

No 1 is actually permitted to convey feelings honestly.

Roles Youngsters involving Alcoholics Play in the Loved Ones Drama

Guessing with what is normal

Difficulty next via on the project coming from beginning to end

Lying when the reality is simply as easy

Judging self without mercy

Difficulty getting fun

Taking self also seriously

Difficulty engaging throughout intimate relationships

Overreacting in order to changes they're in a new position to not control

Feeling distinct from others

Constantly seeking approval along with affirmation

Being super responsible or super irresponsible

Being incredibly loyal even though evidence proves it's unwarranted

Looking with regard to immediate gratification as well as struggling to tolerate delayed gratification

Locking in to course involving action with out thorough thought

Seeking tension and crisis then complaining with regards to results

Avoiding or even aggravating conflict

Fearing abandonment and rejection yet rejecting regarding others

Sabotaging achievement as well as sensation just similar to a failure

Fearing criticism and also judgment nevertheless criticizing and judging others

Difficulty managing time and environment priorities

Co-dependents tend to be seen as a preoccupation and intense dependency in an additional person, group, idea, exercise or perhaps substance. the Lost Kid stays from the way and fends for self which usually the family members welcomes. in alcoholics and in the end themselves members, these turn out in order to be much more plus more damaged along with self-worth gets practically none existent.

It wasn't until the particular 1970s interest has been concentrated about the requirements regarding youngsters regarding alcoholics and adult youngsters involving alcoholics. This just isn't unusual pertaining to this kid to grow in order to be involved in substance use or abuse.

The motivating sensation of the Enabler is anger; the actual identifying symptom will be helplessness; the particular payoff for the Enabler is actually importance as well as self-righteousness, even though the payoff for the loved ones is actually responsibility; as well as the ultimate potential prices are illness as well as martyrdom.

As your Mascot entertains your family, charge of your loved ones scene belongs to the Mascot as well as the small one feels secure. The Actual Lost Child motivating sensation can be loneliness; the actual identifying symptoms are generally solitariness and shyness; the particular payoff for the Lost Kid can be escape, for your family, relief; the particular prospective price is social isolation.

They set up attitudes, expectations, values, and also goals;

They regulate the use associated with authority;

They cope with change; and

They set up communication patterns.

When rules are healthy they are human, regulation regarding authority can be flexible, change can be encouraged and communication can be open. That They have an inclination to develop a "stuck" lifestyle within their dependency on one thing outside associated with self regarding validation and also identity. the motivating feeling in the Scapegoat is hurt; the identifying symptom is actually delinquency; the actual payoff for that Scapegoat can be negative focus along with for your family, target away in the alcoholic; your ultimate price the actual Scapegoat may pay is actually self-destruction along with addiction.

In later life, it actually is most often merely physical ailments that deliver the particular Hero throughout pertaining to treatment. It could be considered a vicious cycle and one which is frequently a hardship on outsiders to understand.

This kid offers small encounter interacting with others that may cause mistakes throughout judgment when in social environments. Whilst adults coming from just about any severely dysfunctional loved ones identifies using many with the subsequent issues; adult kids regarding alcoholics usually identify with the majority of the following:

The Role with the Scapegoat

The Role with the Hero


The alcoholic's use involving alcohol is the most critical factor in the family's life. they choose exactly the particular same protection because the alcoholic simply by hiding their own true feelings behind artificial behavior patterns. The Particular motivating feeling for that alcoholic can be shame; the particular identifying symptom can be chemical use; the payoff can be relief associated with pain, but for that family there is certainly absolutely no payoff; and additionally the possible prices are addiction.

While the particular alcoholic affects the particular family members within profound ways; it turns directly into a two-way street. To Always Be Able To launch your pent up anxiety and fear, the kid acts outside in young child behavior which makes the other loved ones laugh as well as give positive attention. Only about everybody which includes a relationship with the alcoholic enables in a number of point. Palo Alto, CA: Science as well as Behavior Books, Inc., 1989.

The alcoholic obviously gets the starring role inside the family. Each and Every alcoholic family, no matter size provides everyone of these roles; significant households may have greater than 1 member playing a certain role although smaller family members get members that consider upon a lot a lot more than one role.

Adult children regarding Alcoholics and the Codependent

While the particular Hero works hard and also brings honor to end up being able to self and family, the actual Scapegoat behaves badly as well as brings disgrace. Youngsters of alcoholics frequently develop to become dysfunctional adult kids associated with alcoholics. These People take upon supporting roles in the family drama. Any time every segment will be developed in a wholesome way, anyone feels complete and it has strong feelings involving self-worth. Awareness offers aided a couple of of today's youngsters and also adult kids of alcoholics in getting the help they will need.

The Scapegoat will come into the family as well as sees the Hero role is taken; it seems it doesn't matter what positive thing the particular Scapegoat does, it is ignored, but praise and also interest is given for the Hero's efforts. Your terms "scapegoat," "mascot," "lost child," "hero," as well as "enabler" are generally quite familiar inside the intervention and also recovery programs. There are 4 functions associated with rules:

The copyright of the article "Children and also Adult children involving Alcoholics" will be owned by Cheryl Weldon as well as permission to end up being able to republish throughout print or even on-line must be granted from the author throughout writing.

The Hero is typically not necessarily current with first of the drama, nevertheless enters soon afterwards. This particular kid within the alcoholic loved ones looks along along with other behaviors in order to acquire attention. Even if the Enabler realizes your alcoholic is becoming unreliable towards the point that loved ones tasks should be taken over by the Enabler, the actual Enabler will carry on to protect the particular alcoholic.

With the particular increased understanding of youngsters as well as adult kids of alcoholics, organizations such as Alanon began having an boost in attendance from meetings. each segment continually interacts using the various other segments. While painful emotions usually are usually not met, they usually times bring low self-worth along with physical ailments.

The Role of the Mascot

The Lost Kid enters the particular family and also such as the Scapegoat feels such as an outsider, but rather of attempting to force entry in in order to the drama or even use attention seeking tactics, the particular Lost Kid just retreats for the sidelines. Co-dependency usually manifests in signs of denial as well as self-delusion, compulsive behavior as well as repression. Ultimately the lifestyle gets pathological, affecting the co-dependent's physical health, social and also occupational functioning, and all additional aspects of their life. The Actual motivating sensation for the Hero will be inadequacy as well as guilt; your identifying symptom will be overachievement; the particular payoff for your Hero will be positive interest whilst for that family members your payoff is self-worth; the possible price can be a compulsive drive.. While your family members encounter the entire world of the alcoholic, these people commence to affect, and at times perpetuate the actual alcoholic's behavior along with power to recover. Your Hero will be typically useful inside the actual family along with productive outside the family. the Role in the Enabler

Rules in Alcoholic Families

A person's "wholeness" may be looked over like a circle or even pie separated directly into 6 equally essential segments: physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, social, and also volitional. in today's climate, everybody is needed to complete rehabilitation where there really tend to be a multitude of applications which help with just about all the recovery in the alcoholic and several with the programs involve the entire alcoholic family. the Lost Child may always be the the majority of from touch within the loved ones and since this kid will be often out of sight, each the kid and the as well as the girl wants are generally unintentionally ignored.

The Role of the Lost Child

Wegscheider Cruse, Sharon, An Additional Opportunity Hope along with Wellness for the Alcoholic Family. The Particular Mascot brings good feelings associated with entertaining for that family, if you'll they are in any position to forget the difficulties with the family.

Many individuals are aware of the particular dynamics involving an alcoholic family; a amount of coming from first hand experience. Simply Because the particular Mascot is the often your youngest, the loved ones tends in order to protect this youngster coming from all the family secrets. However, there's often one who is the Chief Enabler, typically the 1 that can be emotionally closest towards the alcoholic. However, any kind of family preoccupied along with secret keeping, the trauma or other such concerns may foster co-dependents. As the actual loved ones withholds details from your child, the youngsters fear raises simply because - porn scat - there exists a sense that one thing will be wrong and yet reliable individuals are declaring it is actually all totally fine. While one as well as really these potentials (segments) get damaged, healthy interactions with additional people have got obstacles, individuals put up defenses and their self-worth is actually damaged. Your Hero efforts to keep your family inside balance as well as compensate for its weaknesses. Unhealthy family members guidelines are usually inhuman, rigid, enforced along with closed. An example may end up being the family members strategy their own day round the alcoholic's drinking hours. The Particular motivating sensation for the Lost Kid can be fear; the particular identifying symptoms are generally clowning along with hyperactivity; the payoff for that Lost Child is amused attention as well as enjoyable for your family; your ultimate prices are potentially immaturity as well as emotive illness.

The final role which is played out inside the alcoholic family may be the role in the Mascot. rules tend to be intimately bound using the self-worth of the family members members. Although educational efforts get enlightened the particular public in general concerning the harmful effects of alcohol along with drugs, alcoholics carry on to locate methods to hide their own situation and many family members carry on to comply with alongside with your typical dynamics in the alcoholic family.

Members of the alcoholic family members often really feel trapped along with the only approach to survive is usually to modify towards the situation

Jul 15, 2014 at 01:52 o\clock

Taxi drivers sow traffic chaos in Europe in battle with Uber car service

Uber has expanded rapidly since it absolutely was founded simply by a pair of U.S. Working Inside London the organization offered new consumers twenty pounds ($33.58) off their first journey.

In London, the actual European Union's greatest town through population, police helicopters monitored your traffic snarl round the seat of the British government as mopeds as well as cyclists attemptedto navigate the chaos along with crowds of bemused tourists looked on.

San - - Francisco-based Uber Technologies Inc., valued last week with $18.2 billion just four many years since its 2010 launch, features moved a raw nerve by simply bringing residence your threat associated with technological advances to become able to certainly one of your world's nearly all noticeable trades.

1 of 3. Uber said it, its programs as well as its drivers abide by nearby regulations.

It has been an argument in which failed to become able to sway taxi drivers about Europe, however.

By Jack Stubbs and Brian Love

"Yes this could be chaos, its causing havoc within the really centre regarding London, yet what other option possess we got?" mentioned Ian Hay, a taxi cab driver with 14 many years experience.

LONDON/PARIS (Reuters) - Taxi drivers sowed targeted traffic chaos inside Europe's top cities about Wednesday simply by mounting certainly one of the biggest at any kind of time protests against Uber, any U.S. [ID:nL1N0ON1G6] Nevertheless it has faced a group of hurdles in the beaches of Miami towards the piazzas associated with Rome. "These large companies are coming in, certainly not playing by the rules."

. Additional taxi drivers allege Uber's technology will be successfully the taximeter - - and so contravenes a new 1998 British law reserving the proper to help make use of a new meter for licensed black taxis. Ordinances keep it out of cities like Vegas along with Miami whilst throughout Chicago, san Francisco and Washington, D.C., Uber as well as similar companies have got faced lawsuits coming from taxi companies hoping - - for you to keep your new competition out.

LONDON/PARIS Wed Jun 11, 2014 10:07am EDT

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After the disruptions, Uber hit back throughout Germany by simply emailing its customers offering the 50 % price reduction on all shared rides for your duration of the day. The yellow ribbon indicates a new striking Paris taxi which usually takes portion in a demonstration inside the French money June 11, 2014.

Uber, backed by investors such as Goldman Sachs and Google, refute dozens of allegations, any spokeswoman said. Now finally we are seeing competition from companies such as Uber which could be bringing option to customers," stated Pierre-Dimitri Gore-Coty, Uber Regional General Manager with regard to Europe.

Uber Chief Executive Officer Kalanick last week announced $1.2 billion inside new funding, valuing the organization at $18.2 billion, one of the highest valuations actually for a Silicon Valley startup. "We can't address these challenges simply by ignoring them, by heading in strike, or through wanting to ban these innovations from existence," the lady mentioned in the weblog revealed on Wednesday.


(Additional reporting simply by Sonya Dowsett and also Paul Day within Madrid, Nicholas Vinocur in Paris, Robin Emmott throughout Brussels and also Anja Nilsson inside Berlin; Editing simply by Sonya Hepinstall)

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($1 = 0.5956 British Pounds)


Drivers regarding a huge assortment of London's black taxis snarled visitors within the streets about Trafalgar Square, hooting their particular horns while they passed Downing Street, the home of Prime Minister David Cameron, as well as the Houses regarding Parliament.

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Credit: Reuters/Philippe Wojazer


"Across a new quantity of different countries the particular taxi market is quite similar - an market which can easily be highly regulated and also arranged in the means that is not really pro-consumer but simply promotes protectionism."

Uber says its fares tend to be cheaper than black taxis within London. [ID:nL6N0OK2AA]

Taxi drivers across Europe degree a range of charges against Uber: that its applications break nearby taxi rules; that its - - drivers don't comply with local insurance rules; as well as which it can be therefore within breach associated with licensing and also safety regulations.

"This with regards to an just about all out assault in our profession, our livelihoods," stated Max Small, the driver regarding certainly 1 of London's black taxis for 34 years. in Berlin hundreds choked the key street to the city's historic centre while commuters juggled buses as well as trains, or just walked, to obtain for you to are employed in Madrid and also Barcelona.

In Spain, the Ministry of Public works provides warned that will companies or people offering Uber-type solutions faced fines involving approximately 6,000 euros, whilst customers could be fined as a lot as 600 euros. technology entrepreneurs, Travis Kalanick as well as Garrett Camp, along with now operates within 128 cities across 37 countries.

In Paris, taxi drivers slowed visitors upon major arteries to the metropolis centre throughout the morning commute. The Actual ministry provides not necessarily specifically named Uber.

They say the city's transport regulator, Transport regarding London, is actually failing for you to enforce the actual rules. car services which in turn permits people to summon rides at the touch of the button.

Neelie Kroes, your European Union commissioner in cost of digital and also telecoms policy, said answering companies like Uber with strikes was pointless. Your regulator says its provisional view is the really fact that smart phone apps do certainly not constitute a new taximeter nevertheless has questioned the actual high Court for a view.


"What you are viewing today is surely an industry which includes not faced competition pertaining to decades

Jul 1, 2014 at 07:44 o\clock

African Elephant Habitat

In the actual collection associated with fire

African elephants get were needed to bear your brunt regarding civil unrest within areas of Africa, using rebels heading to the extent of with these with regard to goal practicing.

As its identify suggests, the actual African elephant can be found in Africa. However, it will possibly be the bit as well simplistic to finish it in which note, considering that there will be a lot in order to find out about the habitat involving this species. the 2 extant species involving elephant, the particular African elephant and also Asian elephant, aren't associated to the other person directly. These People belong to a pair of distinct genera, genus Loxodonta (African elephants) and also genus Elephas (Asian elephants). Involving these, your species of genus Loxodonta are just found around the continent regarding Africa.

Genus Loxodonta offers a pair of species in order to its credit, Loxodonta africana (African bush elephant as well as Savannah elephant) and also Loxodonta cyclotis (African forest elephant). While you have got to have got - hot ebony webcam - noticed, that they derive their names coming from their native habitat. Initially considered subspecies, the two were reclassified when genetic science demonstrated that these were distinct species. Your term African elephant though, is a fantastic deal more often utilized to refer for the African bush elephant-the largest terrain mammal about the planet. Nevertheless, we will take the habitat associated with both the actual species straight into consideration. Together, his or her habitat spans the entire sub-Saharan Africa.

Geographical Range

African elephant range map

African elephants distribution map

Like we mentioned earlier, these elephants are usually discovered just about all over Africa, albeit throughout pockets; courtesy, habitat fragmentation. His Or Her population has been traced for you to as numerous as 37 African nations. Although the native selection of the particular African bush elephant spans your grasslands associated with Botswana, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, Kenya, Namibia, Chad, Burkina Faso, Uganda, etc., that relating to the actual African forest elephant spans the particular tropical rainforests of the Congo Basin, primarily throughout Gabon, Cameroon, Democratic Republic regarding Congo (DRC), Ghana, Ivory Coast, etc.

According for the IUCN SSC African Elephant Specialist Group, more than 56 percent in the African elephant population can be traced in order to southern Africa, regarding 27 % will be present in eastern Africa, as well as 16 % within central Africa. In case we go by countries, Botswana gets the largest population regarding African elephants, which may be attributed to always be able to ideal conditions prevailing in this region, with almost all the Chobe River serving as a significant way for you to obtain h2o throughout the dry season, and civil unrest in the neighboring countries, as getting a results of that the actual elephant population has had refuge within the Chobe National Park.

Natural Habitat

The habitat of the African bush elephant ranges in the arid aspects of western Niger to the Savanna grasslands of East Africa. These kind of elephants are recognized to visit several miles per day within search associated with food, and hence, it isn't quite stunning in order to run into their particular herd within the fringe places with the forest, or even inside the mountainous region for in which matter. About one other hand, the people of the African forest elephant is a lot more or perhaps much less restricted for the dense tropical and also sub-tropical forests across the Congo Basin. Herbivorous in nature, these elephants feed on grass, shoots, roots, along with barks, thus there is zero dearth regarding meals on their own behalf inside their native habitat.

African elephants within Botswana

African elephants inside Chobe River

at the actual Chobe National Park, Botswana

African elephants are now living in large groups referred to always be able to as herds. These People are very fond of h2o and commit the majority of some time near a amount of drinking water supply so as to escape the particular scorching heat on this region. Although they will almost usually be about the move, your likelihood of those elephants settling inside a specific region increases with the year-round availability of water. Their Particular voracious feeding habit plays the crucial role in determining their own range, as they will often be about the lookout for food. About an average, a grownup male could feed on approximately 300 lb regarding food inside a single day. a visit to the Savannas, and you'll find herds associated with elephants roaming around within the grasslands in search involving food, or perhaps cooling by themselves by simply lazing in the water bodies.

The African elephant population provides plummeted from 1.3 millions throughout 1970s to 700,000 today. Your drastic decline may be attributed for you to extensive poaching, loss involving habitat, and - - inadequate conservation methods. both the species are enlisted as 'Vulnerable' through the International Union with regard to Conservation of Naturel (IUCN). Poaching has risen manifold within this region more than the final decade or perhaps so. If the ongoing trend continues, it won't be long before each the actual species feature throughout IUCN Red List, and also which will be any significant loss for planet Earth.

Jun 28, 2014 at 16:20 o\clock

Tionna Smalls bashes ‘BBW’ |

They don't really hold the best fascination of black females upon that report in mind."

"Shows that way are usually turning our children straight into whores. "Meeka Claxton has a wonderful husband, 2 stunning daughters and he or she lives inside a mansion throughout Lengthy Island. --Sonya Eskridge

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Tionna really takes exception - big beautiful women cams - towards the images getting shown about "Basketball Wives" as well as what glorifying the series method for youthful women. "Staring with a bunch regarding weak b-tches all day? I don't possess period with regard to that."

Tionna Smalls is tuning out whenever "Basketball Wives" will come upon because your woman thinks it allows a person to stupid.

"I don't watch 'Basketball Wives' anymore for the straightforward proven fact that it lowers your own IQ," the lady told Vibe Vixen. "Everyone [on the particular show] plays as well tough," Tionna said. "I watched the particular present since my fans loved it also to watch using them, nevertheless I don't like any person upon in which show. Not Really simply really does your woman feel it turns your brain directly into mush, she fees that will it truly prompts girls to act lower than ladylike.

In the girl estimation, Shaunie O'Neal along with the woman's creware just about all putting in a big act to produce on their own own appear a minimal of a bit badder compared to they are. She's performing it, and furthermore the reason why they don't want her around the present is because they do not want to demonstrate that."

Tionna Says: Steer Clear Of babymama drama

. "

Although the actual adore coach knows that drama sells, the girl ended up being disappointed to find out that will networks aren't considering reality shows where ladies take in a lot more positive, leadership roles. Your Woman discovered which very disheartening lesson when she sold the number of her own, which usually ended up being being titled "Boss Chick."

Tionna continued, "They want to demonstrate b!*ches renting out condos. I am discovering they are usually turning the kids within obsessive angry whores," the girl input it - bbw webcam - a little much more bluntly.

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"People shouldn't notice females obtaining money; they wish to observe us f-ck rappers and acquire funds coming from players," Tionna explained, stating that this logic might be among the reasons which the girl pal Meeka Claxton had not really been brought back again for yet another season

Jun 16, 2014 at 06:22 o\clock

Mystery over death of transgender activist in Orange County - Los Angeles Times

Authorities continued to analyze the particular death of your transgender activist, whose entire body was found at the particular rear of a Dairy Queen in Anaheim.

The death associated with Zoraida "Ale" Reyes is getting investigated as suspicious, although authorities mentioned there were simply no immediate signs of foul play. An autopsy may be completed, however zero trigger associated with death was shown with pending further investigation, your Orange County Sheriff's Department said.

A toxicology record will be pending, said Lt. Bob Dunn, spokesman for that Anaheim Police Department, and may just take weeks to become completed. Investigators - sexy trannies on webcam - hope it'll help these to identify a contributing aspect to death.

On Friday evening, Macrina Reyes, the actual woman's mother, addressed a crowd associated with 120 people throughout Santa Ana, referring to them as the woman's daughter's family.

They had gathered for you to honor the particular 28-year-old transgender woman, whose body was discovered Thursday morning.

Some held indicators that will said, "Trans lives matter" or "Love and - tranny web cam - also respect our transgender community."

"I didn't be aware of family members my daughter had, however I thank you," Macrina Reyes mentioned in Spanish. "I know she's here uniting us."

Reyes' secondary school friend, Zuleica Zepeda, 30, sang a new Canadian song titled "Women's Warrior Song" along with ended it using the crowd putting their own fists in the air.

Moments later on the - - particular procession marched via downtown Santa Ana, vocal and also holding pink, blue and also white flags with the transgender community. Your smell of burning sage clung towards the air as passersby stared.

Many regarding the folks at the vigil said these were worried in which Reyes ended up being the victim of violence since she was transgender. her mother mentioned she is having problems accepting the woman's daughter's death.

"I haven't seen the girl and also I still don't believe it," Macrina Reyes said.

Alexa Vasquez mentioned Reyes taught the girl how being - - fearless. The Lady said hello pained your ex to understand that violence against transgender people was prevalent.

"My buddy needed to die so as for us in order to come together," Vasquez said. "When I notice a person guys marching, I wish which I saw my buddy strolling together with you.

Reyes ended up being involved together with several Orange County immigrant and LGBT advocacy groups. she was with a protest may 27 calling upon Santa Ana in order to finish its contract along with Immigration along with Customs Enforcement.

Jessica Castro, 32, regarding Anaheim, has been inside a assistance team with regard to transgender woman in Santa Ana along with Reyes. she stated Reyes has been quiet and shy however extremely warm.

"But the girl would always give a kiss and also hug when she greeted you and also also mentioned goodbye," Castro stated within Spanish. "I'm still in shock, you merely think wow she's gone throughout an instant."

A fund regarding Reyes' burial expenses may be set up by simply your ex friends.

For Orange County news, follow@AdolfoFlores3.

Copyright 2014, Los Angeles Times