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Mar 12, 2018 at 09:25 o\clock

Investment Climate in Egypt



The Egyptian equity market is one of the most developed in the area with more than 633 listed firms. Market capitalization on the exchange doubled in 2005 from الجنيه المصري مقابل الدولار الامريكي 47.2 billion to USD 93.5 billion in 2006, peaking at USD 139 billion in 2007. Subsequently, it has dropped to USD 58 billion in 2012, with turnover from USD 1.16 billion in January 2005 to USD 6 billion in January 2006.

Private equity has not been widely utilized in Egypt in the past for a source of financing for companies. The authorities, however, has staged several policy reforms and changes specifically intended to develop internal private equity funds and also to attract private equity financing from international sources.

The significant industries include textiles, hydrocarbon and chemical manufacturing, and generic pharmaceutical production. Unemployment is high at about 10.5%.

Until 2003, the Egyptian market suffered from shortages in foreign currency and too elevated interest prices. A series of budget reforms were conducted in order to redress weaknesses in Egypt's financial environment and to boost private sector involvement and confidence in the economy.

Major monetary reforms were released in 2005 in order to tackle the informal sector which based on quotes represents somewhere between 30% to 60 percent of GDP. Tax cuts for corporations have been introduced for the very first time in Egyptian history. The new revenue tax Legislation No 91 for 2005 decreased the tax rate from 40% to 20%. According to government figures, tax filing by individuals and corporations increased by 100%.

Many modifications were made to reduce trade tariffs. Among the legislators' aims were tackling the black economy, reducing bureaucracy and pushing through trade liberalization steps. Amendments to Investment and business law were introduced so as to draw foreign investors. By way of instance, the amount of times required for establishing a business was dramatically reduced.

Substantial improvement to the national economic environment improved shareholders' confidence in Egypt. The Cairo & Alexandria Stock Exchange is considered one of the greatest ten emerging markets in the world. The alterations to the policy also brought increased amounts of foreign direct investment in Egypt. According to the UN Conference on Trade and Development's World Investment Report, Egypt was rated the 2nd biggest country in bringing foreign investment in Africa.

Given the high number of amendments to legislation and regulations, Egypt has succeeded to a certain extent in adapting to international standards. Very recently the Cairo & Alexandria Stock Exchange (CASE) was welcomed with full membership into the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE)--the first Arab country to be invited.

Enforcement of these recently adopted regulatory frameworks remain, sometime problematic. Problems like corruption hamper economic growth in Egypt. Many scandals involving bribery were reported during the previous decades. "In 2002 alone, as many as 48 high-profile officials--including former cabinet ministers, provincial governors and MPs were convicted of influence peddling, profiteering and embezzlement. Maintaining good relations with politicians is occasionally a key to business success in Egypt. According to the 2006 Corruption Perception Index developed by Transparency International (in which the higher the rank the greater the amount of corruption), Egypt ranked 70 out of 163. On a scale from 0 to 10 (with 0 being highly corrupt), Egypt scored a 3.3 .

According to a research from the International Organization for Migration, 20 percent of Egyptian remittance-receiving families interviewed steered the remittances towards various forms of investment, although the huge majority (80 percent) was more concerned about utilizing remittances for meeting the everyday needs of their families including spending on health care and schooling. One of the 20 percent of households that decided to spend, 39% invested in property, 22% invested in tiny businesses employing fewer than five people and the smallest percentages of investors (6%) invested in medium private business employing no more than 20 individuals. Based on Egypt's Human Development Report 2008, despite representing approximately 5% of GDP, remittances given the initial capital for just 1.4 percent of newly established small and medium enterprises in Egypt in 2003-2004.

The Stock Exchange capitalisation of listed Firms in Egypt was valued at الجنيه المصري مقابل الدولار الامريكي 79.672 billion in 2005 by the World Bank Falling to $58 billion in 2012

Jan 22, 2018 at 19:04 o\clock

Solid Advice For When You're Making A Real Estate Purchase



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There are many ways to be safe about real estate investments, but there are far more wrong ways also. Before you end up losing money or purchasing a home for well above market value, read these comprehensive buyers' tips we've put together in this article.

Be moderate in your real estate negotiations. Many people get too aggressive so that they can get a great deal, and they end up overdoing it and losing it. Be clear and firm about what you want but let your lawyer or realtor do the negotiation for you.

Try to understand mortgage loan terms before you go to buy a home. It is essential that you know exactly how much you will be paying every month and what the total cost of the loan over the entire length of the mortgage will amount to.

If you are thinking about moving, you may want to research the neighborhoods of properties you are interested in online. Whether you're moving to a large city or a small town, there is a good deal of valuable information that you can find on the internet. Look into the unemployment rates, population and salaries in the town to be sure that there is a future there.

Consider the long term picture when you are shopping for a new home. If you plan on living in the home you purchase, then you might want to view the nearby schools even if you do not have kids. You might want them someday, and it's better to be safe than sorry.

If you've made an offer for a house that seller didn't take, don't be discouraged, since you might find a better home. They might offer to make certain repairs to the house, or even pay your closing costs.

Always have extra funds for unexpected costs when buying a property. Closing costs are generally calculated based on the down payment, interest rates the bank charges, and real estate taxes that have been pro-rated. However, there may be additional items such as appraisals, surveys or home association fees.

When you are interviewing real estate agents, make sure you have a list of questions already planned out. Find out how many properties they sell every year, the average listing time for those homes and whether those homes were located in the same area as yours. The real estate agent should be ready to answer any of your inquiries in a professional way.

Plan your questions in advance when you sit down to talk with a potential real estate agent. Ask crucial questions, like the number of homes they have sold the previous year and the number you're interested in currently in your area. Any agent worth considering will be able to answer such questions thoroughly and professionally.

If you are purchasing a home in foreclosure, assume that it probably will need many repairs. The majority of foreclosures have been sitting empty on the market for quite some time. The lack of a tenant means that maintenance has generally been neglected. Many foreclosed homes need a brand new HVAC system, and can have pests that need to be taken care of.

Prequalification for a mortgage is essential prior to searching for a home. A giant reason is because you need to know if you will get the financing before you get your hopes up. Also, the process of getting a mortgage can drag out, so you might as well get started right away.

Purchasing real estate is frequently the largest purchase you make in life, and one of the most important decisions you will ever have to make. Using the advice you've read here will help you to be confident in the decisions you do make, helping to keep you from making the mistakes your peers might, and ensuring you get the deal you desire.

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Nov 22, 2017 at 11:19 o\clock

Valuable Instructions To Maximize Your Home Business



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While having a home-based business sounds appealing, it can also be intimidating at the same time. How do you get started? How can you make this process work? Before you start your business, there are many things that have to be figured out. Fortunately, we have some answers for you here that can head you in the right direction towards getting your home business up and running.

It is fun to start a home business, but it's also quite challenging. One thing you must remember to do when running a business is finding a niche. This may be a number of things, but you must be sure that you think about this. Research your potential market as much as possible before you invest your energy and resources there. Use networking tools to learn from others who have been successful with creating a home business.

Separate work time from personal time by developing a regular interval of work hours and sticking to them. You could ignore business calls after a certain hour, for instance. Remember to create time for yourself, your family, and your social contacts.

When your product is out of stock, be sure to say so. Customers do not like to wait, and you will seriously upset them if the items they ordered won't be arriving for several days. Clearly mark out of stock items, so that they can choose something they'll receive sooner.

Start your company with a bang by emailing your friends and colleagues with an official announcement. Give them a discount or a freebie to help jump start your business. Pleased customers can then be encouraged to pass on the word of your business to others. People who spread the word about your business to their friends can be extremely helpful.

When you are working from home, it is still important for you to be the best you can. Your self esteem may suffer if you often place work needs ahead of your own needs. Shower, watch your snacks and regularly exercise everyday. Apply these tips to boost your self esteem and you'll find that others hold you in higher esteem as well.

No home business should be without a website for selling product. Having an online presence gives you the opportunity to target a wider audience, which can lead to an increase in sales. If your budget permits, professional website designers can produce quality websites for you without the challenges of creating your own website.

Check the web for ideas on how to start a home business. Be cautious, though, as you do not want to fall prey to any scams. Do not purchase guides, e-books and other items that contain information you can easily get for free. You should also watch out for complex scams that offer access to nonexistent work for a fee, or tuition for online courses that are useless. It is probably not legitimate if it sounds as if it is too good to be true.

Affiliates can help you sell your product. You can help yourself and other business owners by trading affiliate links with them. There are also formal affiliate networks that you can join to promote yourself or other products. In this way you can increase your income without increasing your inventory or work.

A home business is a business like any other, so it is crucial that you keep good financial records of everything. When an IRS audit looms, you'll be confident if you've kept all of your ducks in a row. Not keeping good financial records can end up resulting in you having to pay a lot of money to the IRS.

Find a business that you know can be profitable. Check the competition and see if the market can bear an additional provider of these types of goods or services. It may be hard to get into a business with tons of competitors. Before you decide which business to start, have a financial evaluation done first.

Pick a brand or product name that has meaning. Choose a brand name that will help your customer recognize and remember your products. The brand name may have a great true life story that it is related to. This makes your brand more recognizable, which will assist you in gaining customer loyalty in the future.

Running your own business is not easy, but it can be satisfying and rewarding. You are the driver of your success. This is a responsibility that is not necessarily onerous. Diligence pays off for people who operate their own businesses. Using great advice such as that found above will help your home business succeed.

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Jun 2, 2016 at 23:39 o\clock

This Article Provides All You Need To Know About Desktop Computers

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Folks use desktops each day for a variety of uses. Like many others, however, you may not feel you know enough about these incredible devices. This changes today because the following article has many great tips about desktop computers anyone can use.

You should always have antivirus software running. Without it, a virus may harm your operating system. This software can steal information and damage your computer. There are numerous programs that can scan and repair as needed.

Do a boot check whenever you find that your trusty desktop is not running as fast at it should. MS Config can be run from the start menu. This will show you the programs that load up when the computer boots up. Find the programs you don't really use, and make sure they do not load when the computer starts. That ought to make your system a bit faster.

Choose the components carefully when it comes to assembling a desktop computer yourself. Some motherboards can only be used on certain processors. Certain motherboards are compatible only with certain RAM units. Ensure that you check the compatibility when buying products. This can save you money and time, and possibly even some headaches.

Try to buy the desktop computer that you can afford with just the features that you need. Some people purchase models with features they will never use at a price that is more than they can afford. Be picky when it comes to accessories and features so that you get the best price.



Get exact measurements of the location where you plan to put your desktop. Depending on brand or model, they will require different amounts of space. Some will be compact, and others will require more space. Be aware of what you'll be able to fit.

If you want to buy a Mac but you also want to run PC programs, think about getting Parallels for Mac. This software gives you many contemporary features. You are able to use any PC program you want. You will have to buy the operating system for PC too, though.

Desktop computer manufacturers provide minimal paper documentation with your purchase since the documentation is available online, so be diligent. What you find on the Internet must be sufficient so you won't have issues accessing downloads.

When you go looking for a new desktop computer, make certain the software on it is completely legal. The key and CD should always come with your purchase so that you do not encounter legal difficulties or problems getting software updates later.

If you're thinking about a Mac desktop, but you've got PC programs, consider investing in a copy of Parallels for Mac. It lets you run Windows on a Mac. Then, you will be able to run all of your PC programs. You also will have to buy the right operating system for the PC as well.

Keep peripherals in mind when desktop shopping. You need a monitor as well as a keyboard and mouse. You may also want to get a printer and modem. What else may be necessary?

Technology is always changing, so you must keep up with desktop computer changes in order to make a proper decision. There is plenty of advice available to you to make sure you can do this. If you are having trouble figuring everything out, keep this article as a handy reference whenever you go searching for desktop computers.

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Apr 20, 2016 at 10:48 o\clock

How To Keep Your Cat Healthy And Happy

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Cats are as much a part of the family as anyone else. It is important to know how to properly care for your cat, so that it can enjoy a long and happy life. These pests can affect your cat's health. Keep reading to learn how you can take care of your beloved cat.

You never want to leave the cords of your drapes dangling down. Cats love to play with hanging cords and this poses the threat of your cat hurting themselves or becoming entangled. They could be seriously hurt or even killed. Hang your drapery cords out of your cats' sight to avoid this.

A cat can do a lot of damage to your furniture with its claws. You need to get a scratching post or a cat tower to prevent your cat from ruining your furniture. When your cat scratches inappropriately, redirect him to the scratching post. This approach takes time, but it usually works.

You can make your old cat feel better thanks to a hot tile placed under its bed. Put a square foot of terra cotta tile into your oven heated to 200 degrees. Keep the tile in the oven for about 15 minutes. Put the tile inside a towel and place it under the cat's bedding. Change it every couple of hours if desired.

Cats can use their claws to destroy furniture and other parts of the house. If you find your cat shredding your furniture, consider purchasing a scratching post or cat tower. They can scratch this instead. Sooner or later, they'll love to use it.

It's important that you don't forget your cat and allow them to become bored too easily. Just like dogs, cats need playtime and physical exercise, too. But many cat owners ignore that need. Bored cats tend to develop emotional and mental disorders that may negatively impact their health. Make sure you give them lots of toys and room to play. You need to provide your cats with something they can climb and scratch.

Microchip your cat. You may not have had trouble with your cat getting loose previously, but it can happen at any time by accident. Tags and collars can help you cat return home, but cats can wiggle out of them or risk injury by snagging them on a tree branch or bush. Microchips are as small as a rice grain and have all of your important contact information. All shelters and vets have scanners to ensure your cat gets home safely.

A tablecloth should be made for your cats. Cats like to make a mess when they eat. This creates extra work since you must then clean up the leftover loose food. To simplify your clean up duties, place a ready made placemat under the dish or purchase some inexpensive fabric and use it like a tablecloth.



Make sure that you have a good tablecloth for your kitten. Cats sometimes like to eat food outside of their bowl. Sometimes, this results in food outside the bowl that you have to clean up. Put a placemat under the bowl, or even some fabric so cleaning up is a snap.

If your cats create messes near the litter box, don't punish them. Many times this occurs because the box wasn't well maintained. Punishing your cat will just make them afraid of you later on.

Do not attempt to teach your cat how to use the litter box. This is the sort of thing which flows naturally. Some individuals believe they should carry their cat to the litter box and rub paws into the litter. This actually can be quite traumatic for a cat.

The unique and intelligent cat makes a great pet if you educate yourself about how to care for it. Pay close attention to the tips from this article. Make use of it so that you can enjoy a happy and healthy cat.

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