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Apr 9, 2015 at 12:58 o\clock

Are You An Ambivert?

By: jaecycle56

It had been as he started claiming things like "you need to feel some sort of INTJ" and additionally "thinkers end up being more objective than feelers" that I started to be more curious in staring outside the window than paying attention to this excellent man - a psychology student. Identity types are fascinating to discuss, but depending on which s doing the speaking, it could maybe have a chunk also stiff in my situation.

Usually I've pondered why In dem not as much as enthusiastic about my favorite personality type, or perhaps kinds. Indeed there are as many personality tests based upon Introversion and additionally Extroversion since indeed there are actually types: Jung's Typology, Big 5, Myers Briggs, Socionics, Enneagram. Occasionally In dem some sort of introvert, others Im extroverted, sometimes a feeler and also others a thinker. Numerous, individuality types produce a lucid way of knowledge precisely what had been felt to end up being the abstract traits of ones fictional character. At long last we are able to share on our businesses Facebook and twitter internal pages that were "INFJ's!", "ISTP's!!", "ISFJ's!!!" You appear to think that our companies entire emotional and also psychological features as a human being absolutely correlate using this well thought out, 4 letter description related with whom you are. Introspection and also self-analysis just started to be a a complete lot much less difficult - purely 70 questions away to discover whom you really are.

However amidst all of the introvert and also extrovert extremist polarity media hype there exists one forgotten about kind. The Ambivert. I had once remotely look over of the phase Ambivert even while perusing through Young s "Source Journey for Social Psychology". I've scoured the internet thoroughly and discovered really little regarding the matter. It appears this excellent ambiguous, complicated, mythical creature is nowhere to be located.

Introversion and extroversion are actually typically viewed since a single continuum. In other words: to be tall in a single, it is necessary to feel lower in the various other. Jung and additionally Briggs proposed which we have all both some kind of extroverted team and some kind of introverted side, one having even more predominance when compared to the other. Nevertheless, Isabel Briggs Myers only strictly authorized the categorisation of these a couple types, even though she based this girl work at Jung's theory. Jung was of the concept which there became a 3rd "middle group. The Ambivert.

"Indeed there is, eventually, a third group the essential numerous and additionally contains the less differentiated traditional man Your man constitutes the extensive center group I call the first group extraverted along with the second group introverted." (p516, Emotional Types)

This will allow for the possibility that most the population are really in fact Ambiverts. Ambiverts feel like a grey area inside the personality-type world. Inconveniently, paying interest to the Ambivert might present a difficult and also unwanted problem - who is, that the overall population couldn't be squeezed into considered one of a couple of boxes. Tests can never feel accurate mainly because psyche does not work in percentages. In truth, the introvert and extrovert idea had been never ever intended to be a testable dichotomy. The idea of the Introvert and Extrovert had been originally meant to discover whether a work is introverted or extroverted - not a person. However, MBTI asserts otherwise.

Introversion and additionally extroversion are really typically viewed since a without a girlfriend continuum. In other words: to be tall in a single, it is required to be lower in the other. Jung and additionally Briggs recommended that we have all each a powerful extroverted side and the introverted side, one having more predominance when compared to the some other. However, Isabel Briggs Myers only strictly authorized the classification among these a pair of types, actually though she based her focus on Jung's theory. Jung had been of the theory there had been a third "center group. The Ambivert.

"There is, eventually, a third group the quintessential several and additionally includes the less differentiated common man Your man indicates the extensive middle group I call the 1st group extraverted plus the 2nd group introverted." (p516, Emotional Types)

This will enable for the likelihood which most the population come into fact Ambiverts. Ambiverts feel like a grey area within the personality-type world. Inconveniently, investing interest to the Ambivert might present a difficult and additionally unnecessary complication - who is, which the entire population couldn't be squeezed into among not one but two containers. Tests cannot be accurate because the psyche doesnt work in percentages. In reality, the introvert and also extrovert notion was actually will never intended to be a testable dichotomy. The concept of the Introvert and additionally Extrovert was actually initially intended to determine whether a work is introverted or extroverted - no person. Nevertheless, MBTI asserts otherwise.

Isn't is a lot more very likely our personalities are really differing mixtures related with introverted and also extroverted features instead of assume, every one of the functions being introverted or extroverted?

I feel individuals are just more dynamically complex than just how we polarize our-self. The most shameless related - myers briggs estj - with party-goers has that insecurities, as well as the quietest working can end up being the wildest at just night. Put just, whenever happened to be wearing a comfortable environment, were more likely to feel ourselves.

Most you have traits of simultaneously personalities that are contextually driven. In some other words, most our businesses behavior is an outcome related with our interactions with a situation.

If or when some kind of "extrovert" has got to present one project, he might become some kind of introvert during the day by blocking away outside stimulation and also getting forgotten within a arena of thought. Jung defined introversion since a "attitude-type characterized by orientation in life right through subjective psychic contents" (or possibly focus upon one's inner psychic activity). Extroversion regarding the other hand had been defined because " manner kind characterised by concentration related with interest throughout the exterior object (or the outside world).

This means that since you are actually considered some kind of "introvert" does not mean youre highly introspective and have much self-knowledge. Probably, its simply your "Extroverted" mind function that turns out to be around stimulated quickly, causing you to prevent socializing. Meanwhile, an individualre still getting missing within a world outdoors of yourself, simply like a powerful extrovert does, by reading a fairy tale book, or acquiring forgotten wearing a video game (a strong extrovert thought function). You have a big imagination, however the work of all your mind that discovers fun' in story marks is the same as the extroverts which discover fun' in experiences. Neither is leaves in solitude together with the introverted function related with own researching and additionally introspection (introvert thought function). To put it simply, you could have extroverted mind when continue to functioning as a good introvert.

However, there are actually those unique true unwavering personality types who have almost all dominating extrovert features and not introverted functions regardless of things. Even presenting some kind of assignment might involve yapping away with other people. Or possibly for instance, the predominantly introverted functioners whom come across virtually no sense related with fun in celebrating birthdays or anything even with their closest loved ones, and also would very study a book instead.

From the knowledge, Jung might say that each of us have "needs of what we would wish to do, however we have the capacity to {be able feel each introverted and additionally extroverted. And additionally since you get older, we slowly move towards the heart related with the the continuum measure in many of our features, in the self-actualization process. The majority of people, although slanted at one side related with the scale, run using traits and also likes from each sides.

Ambiverts are actually individuals who do not really desire one way of functioning around an additional. In various other words, an individual could assume the couple re the neutral, middle-ground hippies. The couple re equally comfortable in conditions in which the introvert feels most at home and instances just where the extrovert is having a good time. Which being stated, I would think about myself Ambivert. I do not feel drained from societal communication or perhaps heading out online, and also discussion energizes and additionally invigorate me. I regularly seek dare devil risk taking stimulation, whilst concurrently relishing calm time with the books and capturing upwards upon medical essays. Im each overly positive, but also reclusive and also important in thought.

The freedom with Ambiversion comes along in finding both Introverted and also Extroverted worlds satisfying and also rewarding. Ambiversion will help one to enjoy a different existence. Ambiverts have sufficient introversion to gradually absorb the whole world around them and additionally enough extroversion to {be able propound ideas and also present themselves (thru authoring related with verbally) with no feeling depleted.

The notion of Ambiversion changed living. Earlier, when filling in a character type questionnaire, I"d be reluctant when responding to important questions like: "is it possible you prefer to visit a party or read a book?" My favorite very first thought was actually "Depends with the event or possibly journey and also exactly how tired I in the morning from all the past evening." However which contextual option wasn't accessible. Now I realize exactly what a gift it will be to feel practical, reasonable and also well balanced sufficient to experience the liberty of choice.

I dont consider me personally both extroverted or introverted. Actually though I might be 49% extrovert and also 51% introvert, Im equally labeled an INTJ. But various others with 99% introvert and additionally 1% extrovert continue to be labelled INTJ's. Superficially we experience the similar label, but psychologically you are fully different.

About the Author:

I discovered about my ambiversion through an article of LonerWolf about ambiverts.

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Apr 9, 2015 at 11:35 o\clock

Assessing For Success

"Management by objectives works if you first think through your objectives. Ninety percent of the time, you haven't."

Peter Drucker, Management Guru

1909 - 2005

Assessing For Success: Exposing the Misinformation about Assessments

Assessment: To determine the rate or amount of; to make an official valuation of for the purposes of judgment; to determine the importance, size, or value of something or someone.

Why do most professionals get the assessment process wrong?

In a recent presentation to a group of coaching professionals, we confirmed that many of CRGs concerns with how, where, why, what, and when assessments are deployed are serious and legitimate.

It appears that many professionals in the career, HR, training, and coaching fields have just enough information about assessments to be dangerous -- but not enough to be knowledgeable.

It also appears that academics (professors) are misleading their students about tests and assessments -- and the true purpose of these processes.

Why is CRG on this crusade?!

We believe most professionals are well meaning but are seriously deficient in their understanding of the differences between assessments and tests -- and their respective purpose in the personal and professional development process.

Test Your Knowledge and Understanding of Assessment Design

1.What does Ipsative mean?

2.What does Psychometric mean?

3.What are Norms?

4.What does Reliability mean?

5.What does Predictive Validity mean?

6.What does Face Validity mean?

7.What is the difference between a test and an assessment?

8.What is the purpose of an assessment?

The reality is that most professionals do not have the correct answers to the above questions. Because many think they do, we find that ignorance is one of the biggest issues we face.

A coach in attendance at our program was a PhD student in the midst of his measurement module. During the break, he came to me to say how relieved he was.

"Youre right about the half-truths and misinformation about tests and measurement. For weeks I have been struggling with some of teachings in my class that were not congruent with the development of a person. It seemed the entire focus was about the test and its design, never about how this testing process was going to impact the user or client. In fact the administrators elitist and arrogant attitude proclaimed that he, as The Professional, was the only one qualified to tell a person who he or she is."

For over 2 decades, we have witnessed the mentality that "only professionals with test results in hand are https://bible.org/users/freepersonalitytest - mbti certification training - qualified to assess." As the participant, you could not possibly know yourself, right?

Assessments should never be about the test itself. They must ALWAYS be about what the process will do for the individual, team, or group. Unfortunately many professionals make it about their being right and about the test results -- not about the actionable information an individual can understand and own from the process.

Misinformation from Ipsative Designed Tools

For years many assessments have claimed predictive validity and the ability to create norms for specific groups. The problem with these statements is that these assessments are based on an Ipsative design -- where you have interrelated scales or responses to a question such as least-most or rank-order scales.

All assessments that use this type of design can never have predictive validity or the ability to create norms. That means any such claims are simply false.

Yet many assessments in the marketplace still make such statements

Lessons We Have Learned about the Assessment Process

-Because something is popular does not mean it is valid or of good quality.

oFor example, the June 2005 Journal of Consulting Psychology had serious concerns about the validity of MBTI, even though many professionals still use it.

oPay attention to the design structure.

-You need to understand and challenge the assessment methodology

oTake the survey/assessment process seriously!

-Cute images and metaphors devalue the assessment process and content -- for example, animals, colors, and other non-related images. If, as the user, I do not understand the model on its own without explanation, dont expect me to have a memory long enough to apply it.

oAll assessments and processes must and should have a purpose. The assessment MUST be about serving the user, not the professional.

oDont confuse the user by having several different models on the same topic.

oYou must consider the implications of liability in using predictive tools.

oIpsative tools cannot have predictive validity.

oThe 360 process can have huge value as part of the assessment process.

oIf it requires your presence to administer or debrief, you have created a dependency relationship, not an empowered relationship.

oIf the client does not understand the process for achieving the results, how can he or she act on the information in the future?

oMost Clients Dont Want to Take a Test

Principles to Consider

Give psychology away for the benefit of the learner.

Assessments are something that you do with your clients, not to your clients.

Questions to Ask Yourself Before Using Assessment

oWhat is the purpose of an assessment?

oWhat are some of the benefits to the client of using assessments?

oWhat are some of the benefits to the professional of using assessments?

oWhy should you consider using assessments as a part of most coaching interventions?

Questions about the Assessment(s) You Are Considering

oIs the assessment professional and would it be taken seriously?

oIs it really valid?

oIs it easy to use and understand?

oIs the language understandable on its own . . . without explanation?

oDo you fully understand the design and application?

What Can You Assess?

oAnything and everything:

-Leadership

-Personal Style

-Values

-Self-Worth

-Health

-Interests and Gifts

-Entrepreneurial Skills

-Communication Skills

-Other?

Assessments are very powerful and practical tools to accelerate the personal and professional development process. If used incorrectly or with misinformation, however, you can do more harm than good.

Pay attention to the details and always consider the benefits and outcomes the assessment will have for the participant. If there are no benefits, why bother with the process?

That is why all CRG assessments have been developed with the learner in mind -- and the fact that 80% of professionals switch to CRG resources once the differences have been revealed to them.

Apr 9, 2015 at 09:45 o\clock

A Failure to Communicate - Meyers-Briggs MBTI to the Rescue [50]

OFTEN underlying simple questions like this are more complex insights which, if my dilemma can be resolved, might provide a framework for understanding a much larger set of communication problems. For this hub, I don't intend to go to deeply into this but just keep it light and fun for I am sure others have tackled this in a more intelligent and serious manner.

Here, I turn to my favorite standby, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) which, if you want more detailed information, is the subject of another hub of mine, "How To Develop Your Own Personality...". But, if you don't mind a little simplicity, here is a brief synopsis. Myers and Briggs (sisters, Briggs is an INFP), based on work from Karl Jung, conducted research that concluded our personality can be described by looking at four distinct, yet interconnected facets:

Attitude - Extravert/Introvert; whether we operate in the External world of people or the Internal world of our own mind

Perceiving - Sensing/INtuitive; how we gather information, whether it is strictly through our five senses and the links between information is clear and concrete or whether the information is more abstract in nature, where current data may be linked with something remembered, either consciously or unconsciously (those eureka moments).

Judging - Feeling/Thinking; how we come to rational decisions, be it more toward the empathetic, balanced, consensus view or the logical, causal, consistent, rule-based approach.

Lifestyle - Judgment/Perception; when dealing with other people, this is how you prefer to show yourself, either as Judger, i.e., decision making Feeling/Thinking type or a Perceiver, i.e., information gathering Sensing/INtuitive type.

For this little musing, the two characteristics that come into play are the S, Sensing and J, Judging functions for my wife and the N, Intuitive and P, Perceptive functions for http://www.youlicense.com/UserDetails.aspx?User=freepersonalitytest - http://www.youlicense.com/UserDetails.aspx?User=freepersonalitytest - me.

NPs live in a world of theory and ideas, we wonder a lot, we cogitate (the N-type). It is rare that something is final with us, there is always more information to be had or knowledge to gain (the P-type)that may change the answer, open a new door, lead us down a different, more exciting pathway. Therefore, it is not surprising that upon seeing the construction still going on after what seemed like forever, I started considering what they had left to do and how long it was going to take them, which, in turn led to my sarcasm.

SJs, on the other hand, live in a world of concrete certainty; no ifs, ands or buts for a SJ, that is for sure. If a SJ can't touch, feel, see, hear, or taste it, it doesn't exist (the S-type). At the same time, SJs are trustworthy, dedicated, loyal, and have a tremendous respect for facts, not theory (the J-type). When you combine these two traits, it is easy to see, for an NP anyway, why my wife's totally rational response should not have surprised me as it did.

Looking back then, doesn't "I wonder if they will ever finish this in our lifetime?" sound a little NPish and doesn't "Well, it depends. If we die tomorrow, then probably not. If we die in a couple of months, maybe. If we die in a couple of years, then yes, they probably will be finished in our lifetime." clearly sound like a SJ?

Apr 9, 2015 at 08:14 o\clock

Computer Programming - Skills And Traits Programmers Possess

Those who work in computer programming appear to have a certain set of traits that benefit them in their careers. When paired with the skills learned through higher education these traits can help programmers become successful. Computer programmers are able to complete a number of specific duties due to the traits they carry that are beneficial to this type of work. Computer programmers are very detailed thinkers and are able to excel in their positions due to the various traits and skills they possess.

Professionals with ISTJ (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging) personality types have natural skills that are beneficial to this line of work, according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicators (MBTI) assessment personality test. They are focused, observant, and good communicators which are all traits that are beneficial to computer programming. Careers in computer programming require individuals that are interested in and capable of working alone and in teams as well as in structured and orderly environments. Professionals in this field can find work in various businesses such as:

*Internet Marketing Companies

*Computer Consultant Businesses

They may also find employment in the:

*Engineering Industry

*Manufacturing Industry

Computer programmers are able to enjoy working on a variety of projects due to the traits and skills they possess. Professionals in this line of work have been found to value tradition and are very family oriented. Computer programming is considered a good career field for those who are observant and practical, and enjoy working long hard hours. As a part of computer education, computer programming is a great field for those who like to solve problems and create new things. Those who have the right personality and wish to enter a career in computer programming can do so by completing research and learning about the training requirements.

The traits that are common in computer programmers and the skills and knowledge that are obtained through higher education can be beneficial to pursuing a successful career. Other common traits can include high intelligence, confidence, dependability, and detail oriented. Skills for employment as a programmer can be obtained by completing online courses in computer networks, database design, computer program writing, and web design and multimedia. All of the personality traits and skills that are obtained through accredited training can help to make a computer programmer that is beneficial to a variety of businesses and corporations.

Those with ISTJ personalities are beneficial to this line of work because they are dependable, detail oriented, and able to complete a number of tasks at once. Multiple opportunities exist for those that have the traits to pursue successful careers in computer programming. Accredited online computer programming schools allow students to pursue an education from the comfort of home. Training possibilities will vary by school or college but will allow students to choose the career, level of training, and specific area of study that will help them match their skills and traits for an exciting career. By receiving a higher education, those with the right personality traits are able to enter into successful positions.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised on our site.

Notice to Publishers: You may use this article on Ezine or on your Website; however, ALL links must remain intact and active. Failure to retain links is expressly http://www.trendhunter.com/freepersonalitytest - http://www.trendhunter.com/freepersonalitytest - prohibited and violators will be prosecuted extensively by law.

By: Renata McGee

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Renata McGee is a staff writer for PETAP.org. Locate Online Computer Programming Schools as well as many other Accredited Online Schools at PETAP.org, your Partners in Education and Tuition Assistance Programs.

Apr 8, 2015 at 19:35 o\clock

Computer Programming - Skills And Traits Programmers Possess

Those who work in computer programming appear to have a certain set of traits that benefit them in their careers. When paired with the skills learned through higher education these traits can help programmers become successful. Computer programmers are able to complete a number of specific duties due to the traits they carry that are beneficial to this type of work. Computer programmers are very detailed thinkers and are able to excel in their positions due to the various traits and skills they possess.

Professionals with ISTJ (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging) personality types have natural skills that are beneficial to this line of work, according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicators (MBTI) assessment personality test. They are focused, observant, and good communicators which are all traits that are beneficial to computer programming. Careers in computer programming require individuals that are interested in and capable of working alone and in teams as well as in structured and orderly environments. Professionals in this field can find work in various businesses such as:

*Internet Marketing Companies

*Computer Consultant Businesses

They may also find employment in the:

*Engineering Industry

*Manufacturing Industry

Computer programmers are able to enjoy working on a variety of projects due to the traits and skills they possess. Professionals in this line of work have been found to value tradition and are very family oriented. Computer programming is considered a good career field for those who are observant and practical, and enjoy working long hard hours. As a part of computer education, computer programming is a great field for those who like to solve problems and create new things. Those who have the right personality and wish to enter a career in computer programming can do so by completing research and learning about the training requirements.

The traits that are common in computer programmers and the skills and knowledge that are obtained through higher education can be beneficial to pursuing a successful career. Other common traits can include high http://www.dailymotion.com/freepersonalitytest - mbti infp - intelligence, confidence, dependability, and detail oriented. Skills for employment as a programmer can be obtained by completing online courses in computer networks, database design, computer program writing, and web design and multimedia. All of the personality traits and skills that are obtained through accredited training can help to make a computer programmer that is beneficial to a variety of businesses and corporations.

Those with ISTJ personalities are beneficial to this line of work because they are dependable, detail oriented, and able to complete a number of tasks at once. Multiple opportunities exist for those that have the traits to pursue successful careers in computer programming. Accredited online computer programming schools allow students to pursue an education from the comfort of home. Training possibilities will vary by school or college but will allow students to choose the career, level of training, and specific area of study that will help them match their skills and traits for an exciting career. By receiving a higher education, those with the right personality traits are able to enter into successful positions.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised on our site.

Notice to Publishers: You may use this article on Ezine or on your Website; however, ALL links must remain intact and active. Failure to retain links is expressly prohibited and violators will be prosecuted extensively by law.

By: Renata McGee

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Renata McGee is a staff writer for PETAP.org. Locate Online Computer Programming Schools as well as many other Accredited Online Schools at PETAP.org, your Partners in Education and Tuition Assistance Programs.

Apr 8, 2015 at 19:18 o\clock

Computer Programming - Skills And Traits Programmers Possess

Those who work in computer programming appear to have a certain set of traits that benefit them in their careers. When paired with the skills learned through higher education these traits can help programmers become successful. Computer programmers are able to complete a number of specific duties due to the traits they carry that are beneficial to this type of work. Computer programmers are very detailed thinkers and are able to excel in their positions due to the various traits and skills they possess.

Professionals with ISTJ (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging) personality types have natural skills that are beneficial to this line of work, according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicators (MBTI) assessment personality test. They are focused, observant, and good communicators which are all traits that are beneficial to computer https://disqus.com/by/freepersonalitytest/ - mbti certification cost - programming. Careers in computer programming require individuals that are interested in and capable of working alone and in teams as well as in structured and orderly environments. Professionals in this field can find work in various businesses such as:

*Internet Marketing Companies

*Computer Consultant Businesses

They may also find employment in the:

*Engineering Industry

*Manufacturing Industry

Computer programmers are able to enjoy working on a variety of projects due to the traits and skills they possess. Professionals in this line of work have been found to value tradition and are very family oriented. Computer programming is considered a good career field for those who are observant and practical, and enjoy working long hard hours. As a part of computer education, computer programming is a great field for those who like to solve problems and create new things. Those who have the right personality and wish to enter a career in computer programming can do so by completing research and learning about the training requirements.

The traits that are common in computer programmers and the skills and knowledge that are obtained through higher education can be beneficial to pursuing a successful career. Other common traits can include high intelligence, confidence, dependability, and detail oriented. Skills for employment as a programmer can be obtained by completing online courses in computer networks, database design, computer program writing, and web design and multimedia. All of the personality traits and skills that are obtained through accredited training can help to make a computer programmer that is beneficial to a variety of businesses and corporations.

Those with ISTJ personalities are beneficial to this line of work because they are dependable, detail oriented, and able to complete a number of tasks at once. Multiple opportunities exist for those that have the traits to pursue successful careers in computer programming. Accredited online computer programming schools allow students to pursue an education from the comfort of home. Training possibilities will vary by school or college but will allow students to choose the career, level of training, and specific area of study that will help them match their skills and traits for an exciting career. By receiving a higher education, those with the right personality traits are able to enter into successful positions.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised on our site.

Notice to Publishers: You may use this article on Ezine or on your Website; however, ALL links must remain intact and active. Failure to retain links is expressly prohibited and violators will be prosecuted extensively by law.

By: Renata McGee

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Renata McGee is a staff writer for PETAP.org. Locate Online Computer Programming Schools as well as many other Accredited Online Schools at PETAP.org, your Partners in Education and Tuition Assistance Programs.

Apr 8, 2015 at 00:13 o\clock

Types of Personality Tests

The personality of an individual determines his character traits, and helps in identifying his thought and behavioral patterns. Personality tests help in determining these traits. Although, they are used for several purposes, the most important use of these tests is to ascertain the personality traits of an individual.

They are often used by psychiatrists to treat their patients. Nowadays, these tests are also being used in the corporate world. Employers generally use personality quizzes to understand potential employees.

The tests follow the pattern of popular methods of personality testing. They are in the form of a questionnaire with multiple choice answers. The individual taking the test chooses the answers which best relate to him. The personality type is then determined by the scores one gets. Following are a few popular methods used by professionals all around the world.

Rorschach Ink Blot Test

The Rorschach Ink Blot Test is a well-known method of psychological evaluation. There are in all, ten Rorschach ink blots - five of them are black ink on white paper, two are black and red ink on white paper, and the remaining three are multicolored. The ink blots are shown to the individuals to be tested. The individual takes a look at them one by one. He then talks about what he perceives from the picture; and the reason why he perceived it in a certain way. While the patient talks, the psychiatrist takes notes.

These responses are then analyzed to gain an insight into the patient's personality. Various determining factors are used for analysis such as:

What makes the ink blot look like what it is supposed to resemble.

What the ink blot is supposed to be.

To what degree is the response of a patient close to the actual look of the ink blot.

The capacity for mental organization of the patient.

The illogical and incoherent parts of his responses.

The psychiatrist then performs a series of mathematical calculations, and comes up with a structure of the patient's personality.

Myers-Briggs Personality Type Evaluation

This test was created by Katherine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers who devised, what is known as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Their theory and model was built around the theories of renowned psychologist, Carl Jung. The theory states that there are 4 primary ways in which people differ from each other; divided - - into a set of two ways of mental processing, and two kinds of mental orientation.

The first set refers to how people perceive the information around them. Some people tend to 'Sense' the data, while some prefer to form 'Intuitive' assessments of the larger picture, based on the data available. The second set refers to how people form 'Judgements' or make decisions. It is based on how some people prefer to 'Think' and decide, while others prefer to decide based on their 'Feelings'.

Within the set of type indicators from mental orientation, there are two sub-sets. One defines the energy orientation of the people, while the other defines the outer world orientation of that energy. With regards to energy orientation, one can be 'Introverted' or 'Extraverted'; and with regards to the outer world orientation, one can be 'Judging' or 'Perceiving'.

These permutations and combinations form 16 distinct personality types. Using the data, the personality types in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are defined in 4 'Letters' as following:

First Letter - E or I: Identifies your favored energy source.

Second Letter - S or N: Identifies your favored Perceiving Mental process.

Third Letter - T or F: Identifies your favored Judging Mental Process.

Fourth Letter - J or P: Identifies your favored Outside World Orientation Process.

Thus, the 16 Personality Types under the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are: ENFP, INFP, ENFJ, INFJ, ESTJ, ISTJ, ESFJ, ISFJ, ENTP, INTP, ENTJ, INTJ, ESTP, ISTP, ESFP, and ISFP.

Keirsey Temperament Theory

Loosely taking off from where the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator leaves off, the Keirsey Temperament Theory (devised by David Keirsey) claims that there are two sides to the personality: the temperament and the character. While the temperament indicates the inclinations of an individual, the character outlines his habits. Thus, the temperament is the predisposition of an individual, while the character is the disposition of the individual.

Keirsey, too, divides the personality types into sixteen different combinations corresponding with the Myers-Briggs Type Indicators. According to him, there are four temperaments: Rational, Idealist, Artisans and Guardians.

The Rationals are divided into Architects (INTP), Masterminds (INTJ), Inventors (ENTP), and Field Marshals (ENTJ).

The Idealists are divided into Healers (INFP), Counselors (INFJ), Champions (ENFP), and Teachers (ENFJ).

The Artisans are divided into Composers (ISFP), Crafters (ISTP), Performers (ESFP), and Promoters (ESTP).

The Guardians are divided into Inspectors (ISTJ), Protectors (ISFJ), Supervisors (ESTJ), and Providers (ESFJ).

16 Personality Factors or 16PF

This personality test was devised by famous psychologist Raymond Cattell. He stated that individuals describe others, as well as themselves, using sixteen different factors. He then used these factors, as a basis for formulating his questionnaire which is popularly known as the '16PF Questionnaire'. The sixteen primary factors used are:

Warmth

Reasoning

Dominance

Emotional Stability

Rule Consciousness

Social Boldness

Liveliness

Vigilance

Sensitivity

Privateness

Abstractedness

Apprehension

Openness to Change

Self Reliance

Tension

Perfectionism

Individuals can either be in the high range or low range of all of these primary factors. This would thus help in assessing the personality of that individual.

One can easily find various personality tests on the Internet for self-assessment. They play a very important role in helping an individual understand himself better. This helps in developing personal potential and increases one's effectiveness at work, and in life.

Apr 7, 2015 at 23:40 o\clock

Most Common Myers-Briggs Types Among Senior Managers

The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was first developed in the 1940s by Kathryn Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers. This mother/daughter team was interested in the personality type theory of C.G. Jung and set out to develop an instrument to measure different preferences of people.

How The Myers-Briggs is Used in Companies

For many years, the Myers-Briggs (MBTI) has proven to be a useful assessment in many companies throughout the world. It is used to help people to both understand themselves, and the people they work with. They Myers-Briggs is used for leadership development, team development, conflict management, and for increasing organizational communication and problem solving.

Personality Types Test

The MBTI categorizes people based on their individual preferences. The MBTI is not a personality test. It helps people understand their natural preferences related to where they get their energy [extroversion (E) or introversion (I)], how they use information [sensing (S) or Intuition (N)], the source of their values [thinking (T) or Feeling (F)], and how they structure their life [judging (J) or perceiving (P)]. Different combinations of https://www.pinterest.com/acreatedUSA/ - mbti wikipedia - these 8 letters create each of the 16 different MBTI Types.

Most Common MBTI Types Among Senior Managers

According to the MBTI Manual, the most common MBTI types found among Senior managers are:

ESTJ (22.8%)

ISTJ (20.7%)

ENTJ (17.7%)

INTJ (11.2%)

All together, these four MBTI types account for 72.4% of all executives.

Resources:

MBTI Manual

Myers-Briggs Foundation

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