Thepresent invention relates to an arrangement in an electrodynamical loudspeaker comprising a voice coil fixed to diaphragm and resiliently suspended for oscillation in the air gap of a magnet system.
In an electrodynamical loudspeaker the force on the moving system is, as known, proportional to applied voltage on the voice aluminium coil and to the so-called force factor, and inversely proportional to the impedance of the voice coil. The force factoris the effective product of the coil wire length and the flux density in the air gap of the magnet system. As the voice coil moves in the air gap, magnetic damping arises as a result of counter-induced current in the voice coil. The magnetic damping isalso a function of the force factor which is in turn a function of the position of the coil in the magnetic field. Thus, the driving force as well as the magnetic damping are quantities which are dependent on the excursion of the moving system, and thisis also the case with the stiffness of the suspension of the moving system.
Therefore, at higher power levels there often occurs a substantial low frequency transient distortion, especially as a result of the reduced magnetic damping at large excursions. Bass reflex systems are especially exposed to such distortionbecause of the large delayed voice aluminium coil manufacturer or cone excursions when pulses are applied.
From U.S. Pat. No. 3,193,627 there is known a loudspeaker device wherein additional damping is achieved by winding the voice coil on a coil form on an electrically conducting material. However, the achieved effect is excursion independent andthe device is thus subject to the above mentioned drawback with reduced magnetic damping at large excursions. Further, from German publication print (DOS) No. 2,134,287 there is known a dynamical loudspeaker having an additional coil with a frequencydependent shortcircuiting. The function of this additional coil is to modify the frequency response of the loudspeaker and it does not contribute to removing said drawback.
The object of the invention is to provide an arrangement which reduces said distortion in that the magnetic damping is increased at large excursions.
For the achievement of the above mentioned object there is provided an arrangement in an electrodynamical loudspeaker of the type set forth above, which arrangement is characterized in that a short-circuit ring is arranged at at least one end ofthe voice aluminium coil.
In accordance with advantageous embodiments of the invention the or each short-circuit ring may consist of a ring of copper wire which is soldered or welded together at the adjacent ends, or it may e.g. consist of a solid aluminium ring. Whenthe voice coil is wound on a tubular voice coil of an electrically conductive material, the short-circuit ring may further be formed integrally with the voice aluminium coil supplier form.
Another advantageous embodiment of the invention, which is simple and unexpensive to manufacture, is characterized in that the short-circuit ring is constituted by a coil comprising a number of turns of electrically conducting material and withshort-circuited end points. Such a "short-circuit coil" has the advantage that it may be formed of ordinary flexible winding wire of a conductive material, and that the shortcircuiting may be carried out by soldering together the wire ends or by joiningthe ends in another manner, without the accurate manufacture and matching which is necessary by the use of a solid ring. A particularly simple embodiment of the device according to the invention is provided when the short-circuit ring is constituted bya number of short-circuited turns of the voice aluminium coil at an end thereof.
The invention will be more closely described below in connection with a number of exemplary embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein
FIG. 1 shows a schematic sectional view of one half of an electrodynamical loudspeaker with a device according to the invention;
FIG. 2 shows an electro-mechanical analogy network of an electrodynamical loudspeaker in cabinet;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are diagrams showing respectively flux density distribution in the air gap of the magnet system and the force factor as a function of the position of the voice coil in the magnetic field;
FIG. 5 shows a short-circuit aluminium coil manufacturer with soldered-together wire ends;
FIG. 6 shows a short-circuit coil wherein the wire ends are connected to a conductive voice coil form; and
FIG. 7 shows a short-circuit coil consisting of a flat, layer-wound strip.
In the exemplary embodiment in FIG. 1 there is schematically shown one half of a loudspeaker comprising a frusto-conical loudspeaker basket 1 to the bottom ofwhich there is attached a permanent magnet unit consisting of an annular or ring-shaped magnet 2 to the ends of which there are fixed, e.g. by glueing a top plate 3 and a bottom plate 4 which are both of a suitable steel alloy. In the bottom plate 4there is provided a central aperture wherein a plug on a pole piece 5 is introduced and fixed. The pole piece 5 has a cylindrical form so that an annular air gap is formed between the top plate 3 and the pole piece, and one end of a tubular, in thiscase cylindrical, voice aluminium coil form 6 projects into said air gap. The outer end of the voice coil form is fixed to a frusto-conical diaphragm or cone 7 which is resiliently suspended in the loudspeaker basket 1. The suspension comprises a flexible,annular centering disk 8 which is fixed to the diaphragm 7 at its inner edge, and is fixed to the loudspeaker basket with its outer edge.
Further, the diaphragm is attached to the loudspeaker basket at its outer end, e.g. through a flexible body 9 or by an extension of the diaphragm cone. By means of said suspension the voice coil form is adapted to move back and forth in the airgap in the direction of the arrow X. As further shown, the diaphragm is at its inner end covered by a dustcover 10.
On the outside of the voice aluminium coil supplier form 6, at the lower part thereof according to the orientation in FIG. 1, there is placed a voice coil or moving coil 11 comprising a suitable number of turns. In the shown embodiment a short-circuit ring 12 and13, respectively, is arranged at each end of the voice coil, the function of said rings being to increase the magnetic damping at large excursions of the voice coil. The short-circuit rings are formed of a material with good electrical conductivity andmay e.g. consist of a ring of copper wire which is soldered together at the adjacent ends and e.g. glued to the voice coil form. As an alternative the short-circuit rings may be milled aluminium rings which may also be fixed to the coil form by glueing. The voice aluminium coil form is suitably made of aluminium, and the short-circuit rings may then be formed integrally with the coil form. When either of the short-circuit rings by the movement of the voice coil is moved more or less inwards towards the magneticfield in the air gap, said rings cause a substantial, increased magnetic damping.
In the shown embodiment a short-circuit ring is arranged at each end of the voice aluminium coil. However, it may also be appropriate to use a short-circuit ring only at one end of the coil. The short-circuit rings may be disposed close to or at adistance from the ends of the voice coil.
With respect to the connection wires for the voice coil 11, these are in a usual manner (not shown) taken out along the coil form and passed through a suitably disposed hole in the diaphragm, and are connected to terminals on the loudspeakerbasket. Suitable lead-in holes for the wires may then be provided in the upper short-circuit ring.
In FIGS. 5-7 there are shown examples of embodiments wherein the short-circuit ring is constituted by a aluminium coil manufacturer having short-circuited winding end points. In these Figures the short-circuit coils are designated with 21, 22, and 23, respectively. In all three Figures the voice coil is designated with 24 and the voice coil form is designated with 25. In the embodiment according to FIG. 5 the short-circuit coil 21 consists of a relatively thin wire 26 wherein the ends of the winding is solderedtogether at 27. A possible transition resistance in the joint then becomes relatively small in relation to the total resistance of the coil.
In the embodiment according to FIG. 6, the coil also consists of a relatively thin wire 28, but here a short-circuiting is provided in that the wire ends, e.g. by soldering, are conected to the voice coil form 25 at 29 and 30. In this case thevoice aluminium coil form consists of electrically conductive material.