Happy Paradise

Aug 31, 2009 at 17:34 o\clock

Low-Fat Fried Food?

Deep-fried fish could get healthier with a new protein-based batter extracted from the muscle of discarded fish parts. When coated onto the fish it forms a barrier, locking in taste and moisture while blocking out fat.GLOUCESTER, Mass.--Low-fat, fried food sounds like a contradiction, but those types of products may soon be popping up at your local grocer. Fish sticks slathered in oil and deep-fried are tasty, but the after-effects can take a toll on your waistline. The love affair with food usually ends when it's time to weigh in. Now, a new discovery may tip the scales in your favor when it comes to eating some of your favorite fried foods. Stephen Kelleher, a food chemist at Proteus Industries in Gloucester, Mass., says, "People like fried food, but there's a lot of bad things associated with fried food." Understanding the bittersweet fondness for fried cuisine, Kelleher invented a way to cook low-fat, fried food. The protein solution is extracted from fish muscle. When coated onto the fish it forms a barrier, locking in taste and moisture, but blocking out fat and carbohydrates. "These protein molecules after we treat them and extract them the way we do, they form these very, very, micro-thin films that -- when they are sprayed onto the surface -- become this invisible, impenetrable, film that forms on the surface," Kelleher says. The protein molecules go through a treatment process. Water and other ingredients are filtered then added to the batter. Kelleher says the finished product has 25-percent to 75-percent less fat. Plus the added protein cuts down the carbohydrates by 15 percent. When put to the test, comparing traditional fried batter to the special protein coating, both food tasters agreed there was nothing fishy about the low-fat, fried meal. The process is FDA approved and can be used to fry low-fat chicken, too. They are also testing the application on other foods, like potato chips.

Aug 31, 2009 at 17:29 o\clock

Solution To Obesity Epidemic?

Possible anti-obesity effects of white tea have been demonstrated in a series of experiments on human fat cells (adipocytes). Researchers have now shown that an extract of the herbal brew effectively inhibits the generation of new adipocytes and stimulates fat mobilization from mature fat cells. Marc Winnefeld led a team of researchers from Beiersdorf AG, Germany, who studied the biological effects of an extract of white tea – the least processed version of the tea plant Camellia sinensis. He said, "In the industrialized countries, the rising incidence of obesity-associated disorders including cardiovascular diseases and diabetes constitutes a growing problem. We've shown that white tea may be an ideal natural source of slimming substances". After treating lab-cultured human pre-adipocytes with the tea extract, the authors found that fat incorporation during the genesis of new adipocytes was reduced. According to Winnefeld, "The extract solution induced a decrease in the expression of genes associated with the growth of new fat cells, while also prompting existing adipocytes to break down the fat they contain". White tea is made from the buds and first leaves of the plant used to make green tea and the black tea most commonly drunk in Western countries. It is less processed than the other teas and contains more of the ingredients thought to be active on human cells, such as methylxanthines (like caffeine) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) – which the authors believe to be responsible for many of the anti-adipogenic effects demonstrated in their study.

Aug 31, 2009 at 17:27 o\clock

Fatostatin' Is A Turnoff For Fat Genes

A small molecule earlier found to have both anti-fat and anti-cancer abilities works as a literal turnoff for fat-making genes, according to a new report in the August 28th issue of the journal Chemistry and Biology, a Cell Press journal.The chemical blocks a well known master controller of fat synthesis, a transcription factor known as SREBP. That action in mice that are genetically prone to obesity causes the animals to become leaner. It also lowers the amount of fat in their livers, along with their blood sugar and cholesterol levels. "We are frankly very excited about it," said Salih Wakil of Baylor College of Medicine. "It goes to the origin of [fat synthesis] – all the way back to gene expression." Unlike cholesterol-lowering statins in use today, which block a single enzyme in the pathway, the chemical, which the researchers call fatostatin, "hits fat from the very beginning," added Motonari Uesugi, who is now at Kyoto University. Obese mice injected with fatostatin show noticeable reductions in their weight despite little difference in their eating habits, the researchers report. After four weeks of treatment, the animals weighed 12 percent less and had 70 percent lower blood sugar levels. Their cholesterol levels (both LDL and HDL) were down too. The concentration of fatty acids in their blood was actually higher, a sign of their greater demand for fat to burn. While the livers of the obese mice were heavy and pale with fat, treated animals' livers were more than 30 percent lighter and were a healthy-looking red.

Aug 16, 2009 at 16:17 o\clock

The General Assembly to increase domestic pressure on the risk of children suffering from obesity

by: akenken   Keywords: obesity, General, Assembly

Swedish researchers in the latest issue of the United States, "journal of pediatrics," the report said, the family pressure on the General Assembly to increase the risk of children suffering from obesity. In order to study the families of the relationship between stress and obesity, Sweden Linkoping University researchers in 7443 for the study of family, children from these families on the birth of their follow-up until they reach the age of 5-6. 52% of these children are boys. Comparative analysis of the researchers of these families "pressure level", as well as family stress caused by various factors, such as the family was a sudden death due to accident or illness, divorce, unemployment, violent attacks, tension between parents and children in the case of growth to the problem. Study found that living in an atmosphere of relaxed compared to children in the family, who live in greater pressure on families of children suffering from obesity nearly twice as high risk. Participate in the study of pediatrics, Dr. Felix - Sebastian said that every family will face different pressures, but if the pressure exceeds a certain limit, family members will have a tremendous emotional fluctuations, life will be changed was not the law. He said that the family stress caused by child obesity is not the only factor, but together with other factors, can accelerate the rate of child obesity.

Aug 16, 2009 at 16:13 o\clock

Easily lead to obesity and complications of dementia

by: akenken   Keywords: obesity, complications, of, dementia

The latest study found that it triggered by obesity and diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are more likely to suffer from dementia and other cognitive diseases. University of California, San Francisco researchers in March in its "neurology" magazine reported that this conclusion is in 5000 the average age of nearly 66-year-old women come to the follow-up investigation. Researchers who will be divided into two groups, Group A women suffering from obesity and the resulting diabetes and cardiovascular disease; B belong to the health of women in the crowd. In the beginning of the study, participants did not suffer from dementia and other cognitive diseases. 4 years later, researchers found that Group A and 7% of the people suffering from dementia and other cognitive diseases; and B suffer from such diseases as the ratio of 4%. Researchers can infer from this, to obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, they suffer from dementia and other cognitive diseases, increased risk of 23%. In a separate specific study of older men, researchers found the same, triggered by obesity and diabetes and cardiovascular diseases is also easier for men suffering from dementia and other cognitive diseases. In view of obesity and unhealthy lifestyles are often related, the researchers suggested that the prevention of dementia should be from the adoption of a healthy lifestyle began.

Aug 16, 2009 at 16:09 o\clock

A lack of vitamin D lead to women suffering from obesity

by: akenken   Keywords: obesity

Los Angeles Children's Hospital researchers published in February in the "clinical endocrinology and metabolism Journal" reported that they were living in 90 Southern California conducted a survey of women. The results showed that the exclusion of other factors, in the same age group of women who lack vitamin D, weight is often more than the normal level of vitamin D, and the weight of the former than the latter more than the average weight of 7.4 kilograms. The study also found that those who lack vitamin D in women, their average body mass index than the normal level of vitamin D for women 3.4. Body mass index is a height and weight by calculating the ratio between the measured whether or not an indicator of obesity. Participated in the study of gynecologic experts said the new research is further evidence of obesity and vitamin D deficiency have a certain relationship. Earlier studies have also found that the body manufacture vitamin D is necessary for leptin. Leptin is the body control the appetite of a hormone, because its existence, there will be enough talent feeling, so stop eating. When a lack of vitamin D led to leptin decreased the body, the human appetite to grow, they are easily lead to obesity.

Aug 14, 2009 at 10:48 o\clock

Critical Link Between Obesity And Diabetes Discovered

A Monash University study has proven a critical link between obesity and the onset of Type 2 diabetes, a discovery which could lead to the design of a drug to prevent the disease. The findings were published July 8 in the journal Cell Metabolism. The team, led by Associate Professor Matthew Watt, discovered that fat cells release a novel protein called PEDF (pigment epithelium-derived factor), which triggers a chain of events and interactions that lead to development of Type 2 diabetes. "When PEDF is released into the bloodstream, it causes the muscle and liver to become desensitised to insulin. The pancreas then produces more insulin to counteract these negative effects, " Associate Professor Watt said. This insulin release causes the pancreas to become overworked, eventually slowing or stopping insulin release from the pancreas, leading to Type 2 diabetes." "It appears that the more fat tissue a person has the less sensitive they become to insulin. Therefore a greater amount of insulin is required to maintain the body's regulation of blood-glucose," Associate Professor Watt said. "Our research was able to show that increasing PEDF not only causes Type 2 diabetes like complications but that blocking PEDF reverses these effects. The body again returned to being insulin-sensitive and therefore did not need excess insulin to remain regulated."

Aug 14, 2009 at 10:43 o\clock

Scarring Is Key To Link Between Obesity And Diabetes, Study Finds

ScienceDaily (Aug. 13, 2009) — Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that a protein that can cause scarring of fat tissue could be key to understanding the link between obesity and type 2 diabetes. The team, in collaboration with University Hospital Aintree, the University of Warwick and researchers in Sweden, found that people classified as obese and those with pre-diabetes have raised levels of a protein called SPARC, that can cause tissue scarring. The research revealed that an increase in insulin, a hormone that controls blood sugar levels, and leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite, can trigger an increase in SPARC, which can prevent the proper storage of fat in fat tissue cells. It is thought that leptin, in an attempt to balance energy levels in the body, could trigger SPARC to limit the storage of fat. SPARC can do this by increasing the formation of scars in fat tissue, which can prevent fat being stored safely in the body. Researchers found that this process could predispose obese patients to type 2 diabetes. The research team, working with the Swedish fast food study group at Linkoping University, also found that weight gain, induced by more than doubling calorie intake through eating 'junk food', causes SPARC levels to increase by 33%. In a further study with the University of Gothenburg, scientists found that a reduced calorie diet can decrease SPARC levels and the stimulus for tissue scarring. Researchers are now investigating why some people are more prone to fat tissue scarring than others and how further understanding of SPARC could contribute to future treatments for diabetes.

Aug 7, 2009 at 15:52 o\clock

Hatha Yoga Practice Lessens Fear Of Falling In Older Adults, Study Suggests

Fear of falling is an important public health concern because it can cause older adults -- even those who have not fallen -- to limit their social and physical activity. This effort to avoid falls can create a harmful cycle that can diminish health and quality of life.

"Our study found that yoga was a feasible intervention with older adults and that they perceived great benefit from it," said Marieke Van Puymbroeck, assistant professor in the Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Studies in IU's School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation.

Van Puymbroeck discussed some of her findings this month at the International Association of Yoga Therapists' Symposium for Yoga Therapy and Research in Los Angeles and will discuss her findings further at conferences hosted by the American Geriatrics Society and the American Therapeutic Recreation Association. More about the study:

The study involved 14 men and women with an average age of 78. Five participants had fallen previously.

Aug 7, 2009 at 15:25 o\clock

High-fat, High-sugar Foods Alter Brain Receptors

by: akenken   Keywords: fat, sugar, foods

Overconsumption of fatty, sugary foods leads to changes in brain receptors, according to new animal research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The new research results are being presented at the 2009 annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB). The results have implications for understanding bulimia and other binge eating disorders. Dr. Bello and colleagues report that either continuous eating or binge eating a high fat, high sugar diet alters opioid receptor levels in an area of the brain that controls food intake. Opioids are a family of chemicals with actions similar to those of morphine; however, opioids exist naturally in the brain and have been linked to feelings of pleasure and euphoria. “These results are interesting because we saw changes in opioid receptor gene expression in a brain area that controls how much we eat during a meal ”, said Bello. The new findings suggest that overconsumption of highly palatable foods maintains bingeing by enhancing opioids in the brain, and that increased opioids could be a factor involved in binge eating disorders. These findings may help to understand the biological basis of eating disorders. This research was supported by NIH DK19302 and DK078484. The lead author was Nicholas Bello, Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Co-authors were F. CASSEUS, M.T. CHUANG, B.A. MITCHELL, Z.W. PATINKIN, P. SINGH, T.H. MORAN. Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Dept. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sci., Baltimore, MD, USA

Aug 5, 2009 at 10:44 o\clock

an advisory report of the Health Council of the Netherlands

In this report, benefits (preventing neural tube defects and folate deficiency), risks (masking vitamin B12 deficiency), and uncertain effects (risk of colon cancer) of folic acid supplementation and fortification have been weighted. On the basis of the available evidence, the Health Council of the Netherlands advises the Dutch government to improve the use of folic acid approximately at the time of conception by increased education and the implementation of preconception care. It further recommends considering fortifying staple foods, provided that voluntary fortification of specific foods is banned, as otherwise children are at risk of having an excessively high intake of folic acid. Policy making in relation to fortification should take into account all possible health effects, even if the evidence is not strong

Aug 1, 2009 at 17:20 o\clock

Cold And Brown Fat Raise Prospect Of A New Method Of Treating Obesity

Professor at the Institute of Biomedicine at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden and others show that adults use brown fat to convert energy to heat - a discovery that may provide new possibilities in treating overweight and obesity. It has previously been believed that the brown fat found in infants disappears as we grow up, but the new study shows that this is not the case. Brown fat cells have been found in adults, in the lower part of the neck just above the collarbone. The region of brown fat cells in the neck was tested by placing five volunteers, in thin clothing, in a chilly room for a couple of hours. The researchers then investigated this region by PET scanning and discovered that metabolism there was on average 15 times higher than in the neighbouring white fat tissue. The result suggests that the brown fat may play a significant role in metabolism. Enerbäck believes that this discovery can lead to new and better ways of treating obesity. These would be based on an exciting treatment strategy that focuses on increasing the amount of fat burnt by the body rather than focusing solely on reducing the intake of energy. This research was recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine

Aug 1, 2009 at 16:47 o\clock

Anticancer effects of phytosterols

Phytosterol and stanol (or phytosterols) consumption reduces intestinal cholesterol absorption, leading to decreased blood LDL-cholesterol levels and lowered cardiovascular disease risk. However, other biological roles for plant sterols and stanols have also been proposed. The objective of this review is to critically examine results from recent research regarding the potential effects and mechanisms of action of phytosterols on forms of cancer. Considerable emerging evidence supports the inhibitory actions of phytosterols on lung, stomach, as well as ovarian and breast cancer. Phytosterols seem to act through multiple mechanisms of action, including inhibition of carcinogen production, cancer-cell growth, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, and through the promotion of apoptosis of cancerous cells. Phytosterol consumption may also increase the activity of antioxidant enzymes and thereby reduce oxidative stress. In addition to altering cell-membrane structure and function, phytosterols probably promote apoptosis by lowering blood cholesterol levels. Moreover, consumption of phytosterols by healthy humans at the recommended level of 2 g per day does not cause any major health risks. In summary, mounting evidence supports a role for phytosterols in protecting against cancer development. Hence, phytosterols could be incorporated in diet not only to lower the cardiovascular disease risk, but also to potentially prevent cancer development. Keywords: phytosterols, cancer, apoptosis, angiogenesis

Aug 1, 2009 at 16:43 o\clock

Measuring abdominal adiposity in 6 to 7-year-old children

Background/Objectives: Both intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors, even in childhood. Currently, the gold standard in assessing IAAT and SAAT is computed tomography (CT), which is not widely applicable. The aim of this study was to estimate abdominal fat using anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and ultrasound, and compare these estimates with the amounts of IAAT and SAAT determined by CT in 6 to 7-year-old children. Subjects/Methods: In 31 healthy children, weight, height, circumferences, skinfolds, DEXA, abdominal ultrasound and CT were performed. Measurements were compared by simple correlations and receiver operating characteristic analyses. Results: Total abdominal fat on CT did not differ between boys and girls (86.5 versus 89.8 cm3, P=0.84). Boys had a higher IAAT to SAAT ratio than girls (0.56 versus 0.37, P=0.03). The sum of supra-iliac and abdominal skinfolds was most strongly correlated with SAAT on CT (r=0.93, P<0.001), and the abdominal skinfold with IAAT on CT (r=0.72, P<0.001). Diagnosis of subcutaneous abdominal and intra-abdominal adiposity can also be made using skinfolds.
The associations with circumferences, body mass index and DEXA were less pronounced; however, these techniques can also be used to classify children according to SAAT and IAAT. Ultrasound can be used to diagnose subcutaneous adiposity, although it was not superior to skinfold measurements. Conclusion: Skinfold measurements are the best non-invasive technique in predicting subcutaneous as well as intra-abdominal fat in our population of 6 to 7-year-old children. Keywords: abdominal fat, body weights and measures, photon absorptiometry, ultrasonography, computed tomography, child

Aug 1, 2009 at 07:53 o\clock

'Cash for clunkers' rebates survive — for weekend

WASHINGTON – Attention car buyers: There's still time to get in on the "cash for clunkers" rebate rush

The House hastened to refuel the program on Friday, voting to pour in $2 billion to prop up the trade-in deals that have all but overwhelmed suddenly booming car dealers and exhausted the $1 billion the government had set aside. The Senate has yet to act, but the White House said weekend deals would count, no matter what.

The program, only a week old, was designed to encourage owners of pollution-spewing gas guzzlers to trade them in on new, more efficient cars, helping the hard-pressed auto industry and the environment, too. Enticed by rebates of $3,500 to $4,500, owners are jumping at the offer.

"Consumers have spoken with their wallets," declared Rep. David Obey, D-Wis., the chairman of the House Appropriations Committee.

House members approved the measure 316-109 within hours of learning from Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood that the program was already running out of money. The Senate is expected to take up the measure next week, but the White House wouldn't make any promises for deals beyond the weekend.

President Barack Obama praised the House's quick work, saying the program had "succeeded well beyond our expectations and all expectations, and we're already seeing a dramatic increase in showroom traffic at local car dealers."

Press secretary Robert Gibbs sought to assure consumers that the program would be alive at least a couple of days longer. "If you were planning on going to buy a car this weekend, using this program, this program continues to run," he said.

Aug 1, 2009 at 07:31 o\clock

European travel diary(一)

by: akenken   Keywords: European, travel

Sitting more than 11 hours of the aircraft, arrived at Frankfurt airport is 19 o'clock local time, the long-awaited stand on foreign land, feeling surprisingly calm, with no emotion and excitement expected. Look around, the rules of construction of rectangular horizontal to vertical extension of the end of the road, clean and humid streets feel cool. I took a deep breath (do not remember when the habit of habit), the road from this moment.
Driving from the suburbs to downtown hotels for about half an hour journey, all the way trees are color walls, used to think that the most beautiful autumn ginkgo tree, now know there are so many so many beautiful trees. Heard people say that the former Green abroad how good, will ask you where to spend, always thought that eye-catching red than green, is now to really feel their only.

Frankfurt Book Fair in the city center of a large and Exhibition Center, Center for the Book Fair at the same time taking up all the past 10 months the exhibition hall, and a lot of open space on temporary booth set up. Center, there are a number of medium-sized fixed-point bus stop from time to time to assist visitors. I spent about four hours time to visit the bulk of the exhibition hall, an appointment to visit a number of publishers booth, completed the trip from the set of all tasks. Spent a period of 3 euros a German Sausage tasting hamburger, bread is a cold, hard skin, but with Sausage and hot entrance, it is Shannon.

13:30 about to leave the Exhibition Center, Frankfurt began to enjoy the scenery. Square, the city of Rome is said to be the most beautiful square in the most lively, Central Plaza, a circular garden, fair goddess stand which has around around Nicholas church, city hall, restaurants and so on. More visitors here, nearly half of them are Chinese faces, think of a word: there was the local Chinese people, after this trip has been confirmed repeatedly. Roman Forum to connect with downtown pedestrian street, as we attached the People's Square, like Nanjing Road. The street there are many familiar brands, appear most frequently when the number of Zwilling. Zwilling knives is expensive in Germany, the kitchen will be a single € 60, will appear in stores in a single symbol of oneself, Zwilling said, according to tour guides are German-made, single-oneself is a manufacturing joint venture with Shanghai and at least half the price. I came back a moment to pay special attention to the domestic selling Zwilling origin, mostly in Shanghai, the price is the price Zwilling. Go to the shops in Germany, I feel the same brands of goods than the domestic refined many beautiful. Laments the way some people think of models seen at rod guides had to say: first-class foreign goods into the European and American market, second-rate South Korea into Japan, the three streams to the Middle East, China refuse to sell at high prices. This is when people listen to chilling, but only sigh.